Dhimmitude Bat Ye’or She has been accused of being Anti Muslim- p. 23 paragraph 4

“Sometimes the Muslim authority, in order to save itself, had no option but to yield to violence.However, considering itself to be their guarantor and protector by virtue of the Prophet’s law, the army was often sent to protect threatened communities. Clearly,the People of the book would have totally disappeared were it not for this koranic recognition of the legality of the tolerated religions. A legality held up by caliphs sometimes against extremist ulema. ” P.25 paragraph 2.

Discusses Englehardt, – two volume study of Ottoman reforms in the 19th century. Ye’or points out the frightened submission of Christians when confronted with Muslim extremism and hatred of the foreigner. She calls it Pan Islamism, (or is it Englehardt’s term) “Historians, diplomats, and travelers, particularly in the nineteenth century, have left a large number of comments about the condition of the dhimmis whom they observed. As the great majority of these travelers could not have known the Muslim legal texts,…generally felt some degree of compassion for these populations.” P. 342 at the bottom.

How to take this. Since most of these observers were European, and more than aware of oppression in their own societies, was this worse than anything they expected. Or, were the compassionate because Dhimmis were Christian as well as Jewish. If that is the case,were they compassionate for both Christians and Jews or only the Christians because they felt some kind of kinship with them.

The author draws connections to Jewish persecution in Europe and like moves in the Muslim world. Or, vise versa, while the Muslim world would institute some kind of ruling to humiliate or bring down the dhimmi within one generation or so something similar would occur in Europe.

Of Europe in the thirties she says:

“Anti-Zionism was the motive force which assembled,connected, and polarized the European anti-Semitic movements in the Syrian-Palestinian Christian communities…Gradually, its ideology was built into Arab nationalism which welded the Muslim-Christian alliance in the common battle against the Jews.” P.343 second paragraph.

She points to the twelfth century as a time when Islamic dhimmi restrictions paralleled and hints at might have been influenced by anti Jewish canon law. “Ub 1215 the Fourth Lateran Council forced Jews and Saracens to be distinguished by dress from Christians(Canon 38) This she points out had been imposed on the dhimmis “six hundred years earlier from non -Muslims.”(P. 349 third paragraph. )

Muslim rules of dress for non-Muslims headgear, disparate shoes, shoelaces, the style and color of their clothing, the little bells they had to wear in bathhouses and in the street, the rules concerning mounts, saddles stirrups, houses, the segregation in separate districts with closed doors.

This by the way is in an argument against the writings on this subject by Mark Cohen. She claims he condemnedChristian Europe for these restrictions but viewed thesame restrictions as “benign” in Islam. P. 349 third paragraph.

Around the thirteenth century, a large number of humiliating and discriminatory rules decreed by the popes in respect of the Jews were identical to those imposed on the dhimmis as early as the eighth to ninth centuries. P. 349 last paragraph

What is Jizya- Blood ransom?

 

Jewish community examiner

Leave A Response

* Denotes Required Field