Inuzuka  Inuzuka was in charge of the Bureau of Jewish Affairs in Shanghai. His official naval title was Chief of the Japanese Naval Landing Party. (Refuge p. 95 second paragraph) Inuzuka after February 1942 was relieved of his assignment in Shanghai and his connection to the Fugu plan. Because of the attack on Pearl Harbor he was reassigned to a ship at sea. (fugu p. 218 middle of page) He had expressed a concern to Laura Margolis, the JDC representative, that the Jews of Shanghai would help feed the refugees. In trying to insure Margolis’ help he released previously frozen JDC funds. He also released 5,000 sacks of wheat that Margolis had requested and received from the Red Cross. Margolis was significantly impressed with this gesture calling it, the most the “Japanese had done for any other group in need of help.” (Refuge p. 97 middle of the page)

Poles and Russians-Of the Jews that made up the Shanghai refugee community was mostly Poles and Russians. Culturally there were very close, coming from the same general vicinity in Europe. However, the Polish Jews were more religious than Germans or the Russians. The language was the same Yiddish. Yiddish newspapers appeared on the scene. Before the war, during the 1930s Yiddish culture had spawned a prolific genre of theatre and literature. This took up residence in Shanghai with the arrival of the Refugees. For that brief period during the war it was not unusual to hear Yiddish newscasts, music commentary, and lectures on various topics. “’to be a Jew in Shanghai’ took on a new meaning.” (Fugu P.203 middle of the page)

Shanghai Jewish Elite-Silas Hardoon, being the founder and financier of the Beth Aharon Synagogue, he turned it over to the Yeshiva students of Mir Yishiva so they could continue their studies with some sense of dignity. Hardoon, a deeply religious man, had a dream that his father had praised him for helping the Chinese but chided him for ignoring his fellow Jews. He built the synagogue in the 1920s, and when the Yishiva arrived you could not tell him that it wasn’t a sign from God. He believed he was directed to build specifically in connection with their arrival.

Jewish community examiner

Leave A Response

* Denotes Required Field