Ben Gurion, David, “Years of Challenge” Israel: Massadah, 1963.


Herzog, Chaim, The Arab-Israeli Wars: War and Peace in the Middle East from the War of Independence through Lebanon, New York: Vintage Books, 1984.


Eisenstadt, S.N.,  The Absorption of Immigrants: A comparative  Study based mainly on the Jewish Community in Palestine and the State of Israel, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd., 1954


Hillel, Schlomo, Operation Babylon: Jewish Clandestine Activity in the Middle East 1946-1951, Glasgow: William Collins and Sons Co. Ltd., 1988


Johnson, Paul A History of the Jews New York: Harper and Row, 1987


Maddy-Weitzman, Bruce, The Crystallization of the Arab State System, 1945-1954, Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 1993.


Metz, Helen Chapin, Ed., Iraq: A country Study, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 1990.


Sachar, Howard M., A History of Israel from the Rise of Zionism to our Time, second edition, New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1996.


Sachar, Howard, Europe leaves The Middle East, 1936-1954, New York: 1972,


Shiblak, Abbas, F., The Lure of Zion: The Case of Iraqi Jews, Worcester: Billing and Sons Ltd.,1986.


Tauber, Eliezar, The formation of Modern Syria and Iraq, Portland: Frank Cass, 1995.




Journal Articles


Walid Khalidi, “Selected Documents on the 1948 Palestine War,” Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 27. No.3 (Spring, 1998), 60-105.


Dissertations and Theses

Saad, Abubaker M., “Iraq and Arab politics; the Nuri as-Said era, 1941-1958, PH.D. dissertation, University of Washington, 1987.


Internet sites


Political Conflict and Jordanian Access to the Sea

Alasdair Drysdale

Geographical Review, Vol. 77, No. 1. (Jan., 1987), pp. 86-102.

Stable URL:



Jewish community examiner

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